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2030 agenda for sustainable development
The current global context of sluggish economic growth, social inequality and environmental degradation is creating unprecedented challenges for the international community. Indeed, we are facing a change in era: business as usual is no longer viable. We need a shift from the current paradigm to one of inclusive, long-term sustainable development.
This paradigm shift is also needed in Latin America and the Caribbean which, although not the world’s poorest region, is the most unequal. Inequality, while existing the world over, constitutes a particular hindrance to the fulfilment of potential in this region.
The region’s gaps are structural ones: low productivity and an infrastructure deficit, segregation and lags in the quality of health and education services, persistent gender gaps, inequalities affecting minorities and geographical territories, and impacts of
climate change that are felt most heavily by the poorest sectors in society.
To meet these challenges, the 193 Member States of the United Nations, together with a large number of civil society, academic and private-sector stakeholders, entered into an open, democratic and participatory negotiating process that resulted in the proclamation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in September 2015. The 2030 Agenda, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change, all adopted in 2015, present an unparalleled opportunity for our region.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes 17 Goals and 169 targets, sets out an ambitious vision for sustainable development and integrates its economic, social and environmental dimensions. This new Agenda enshrines the expectations, aspirations and priorities of the international community for the next 15 years. It is a transformative Agenda that places equality and dignity front and centre and calls for a change in our development pattern while respecting the environment. It is a universal commitment, undertaken by developed and developing countries alike, in the framework of a strengthened global partnership that takes account of the means of implementing change, the prevention of natural disasters,
and climate change mitigation and adaptation.
In its document Horizons 2030: Equality at the Centre of Sustainable Development, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) takes this vision and examines it from a Latin American and Caribbean perspective, identifying
key challenges and opportunities for its implementation in the region. The document makes a number of policy recommendations and proposes tools for an environmental big push, through the coherent, integrated alignment of all public policies —regulatory, fiscal, on investment financing, on planning, and on public, social and environment investment— to achieve the 2030 Agenda and set the pattern for sustainable and inclusive development in the region.
In line with its mandate and tradition, ECLAC aims to assist and support the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean in the process of implementation and follow-up to the Agenda, placing its analytical, technical and human capacities at their disposal.